Infrastructure Condition

Irrigation Network System. As one of the top rice producers at a national level West Java Province is home to a huge area of rice fields totaling to ± 1,000,000 ha with 89.6% of the total is technically irrigated and the rest 10,4% rainfed. In Citarum River Basin, technically irrigated rice fields are found in about 361,380 ha of land or 37% of the total rice field area in West Java (an analysis made by Ribasim said that the basin’s total rice field area is 354,082 ha). And they are under supervision of central, provincial, district and municipal governments.  

Upper Citarum Irrigation System. Upper Citarum River Basin region has a total rice field area of 17,218 ha with technical irrigation whose water source supplied by Citarum and its tributaries. Of the total 22 irrigated areas in the upstream region, Leuwkuya and Cirasea irrigation areas are the two largest with a total combined area of over 2,800 ha.
Middle Citarum Irrigation System. Middle Citarum River Basin has a total rice field area of ± 23,399 ha whose irrigation water supplied by Citarum River and its tributaries. This middle Citarum region has 11 technically irrigated areas including the two largest areas of Cihea with 5,495 ha and Cipamingkis with 4,591 ha.  
Downstream Citarum Irrigation System. The downstream region has 11 technically irrigated rice field area covering a total area of 286,459 ha or 79% of the total rice fields with technical irrigation in all over Citarum River Basin. The largest irrigated area is Jatiluhur region with a total area of  ± 240,000 ha. The other large areas include the 11,864 ha Salam Darma region and the 10,400 ha Macan region.

Drinking Water Service Citarum River Basin has piped and non-piped water distribution systems. Piped water providers are region-owned water utility companies well known by their abbreviations of PDAM. The basin has 9 PDAMs operating to provide piped water. Besides the 9 PDAMs, there is a state-run company called PJT II which supplies Citarum water via tarum canal to the capital Jakarta.  

Waste management system is carried out through some waste disposal facilities installed in the river basin area such as:

IPAL Bojongsoang, Bandung’s wastewater is only treated by a single Wastewater Treatment Plant (IPAL) in Bojongsoang only with a capacity to treat wastewater produced by a total 400,000 people, or about 15% of the current total population of Bandung.

IPAL Cisirung is located in Pasawahan Village, Dayeuhkolot Sub-district, Mochamad Toha, Bandung.  IPAL Cisirung is operated by PT Damba Intra. It is located on a 1.2 ha plot of land provided by a South Bandung business society through a foundation called Yayasan Dharma Bakti  Industri Bandung Selatan (YDBIBS).  
Waste management in Bandung and its surroundings is managed by some waste disposal centers (TPS), including:



Location : Sarimukti Village, Cipatat Sub-district, Bandung Barat District
Total Area : 25.2 ha, consisting of a 21.5 ha land of the state-run forestry company Perhutani and a 4 ha land of Bandung and Cimahi municipal governments.
Total Capacity : 1.962.637 m3
Effective Landfill Area : 60% of the total area
Infrastructure and facilities : 40% of the total area


Location : Cimahi City
Total Area : 25.1 Ha
Total Capacity : 3.700 m3/day

Due to a 2005 landslide in this landfill, waste disposing operation has been relocated to another disposal center in Sarimukti. The landslide was caused by, among others, an open dumping practice, a lack of infrastructure, an unfavorable natural condition and a flood incident.


Location : Ciherang Village, Nagreg Sub-district, Bandung District
Total Area : 65 Ha
Total Capacity : - m3
Status 2012 : Under Construction
Expected to start operation : 2015

Drinking water service in Citarum River Basin is carried out through piped and non-piped water systems. The piped water system is provided by some region-owned water utility companies well known by the abbreviation of PDAM. There are 9 PDAMs that provide piped-water service in the basin.  

Downstream Citarum regions have a separate drainage system to allow access to Jatiluhur Dam water sources. The water is distributed for the provisions of drinking water, industrial productions and others. This Tarum canal has a function to flow raw water and to supply irrigation water. The canal network is divided into West Tarum, East Tarum and Main Tarum Canals.  West Tarum Canal has a function to provide 80% of Jakarta raw water supply, while East and Main Tarum Canals supply irrigation water.

Hydro Power Plant. There are 3 Hydro Power Plants in the three main reservoirs of Citarum River Basin. The Citarum water have been used as a source of electricity generation on a large scale. Those three of hydro power plant are PLTA Jatilihur/ PLTA Ir.H. Djuanda (managed by Perum Jasa Tirta II, Total Capacity Power 175 MW), PLTA Saguling (managed Indonesia Power, Total Capacity Power 1,008 MW), and PLTA Cirata (managed by PT. PLN PJB 11 {UP Cirata}, Total Power 1008 MW).