Some Important Features in the implementation of ICWRMIP program activities are:
MULTITRANCHE FINANCIAL FACILITY/MFF
The Investment Program is funded through an MFF. The rationale of this derives from the broad agenda of the road map, which involves the fund provision over 15 years of water-related infrastructure and services across a number of key areas in Integrated Water Resources Management in Citarum River Basin. The MFF will enable the flexibility in investment decisions and timing based on the needs and constraints from upstream to downstream within a framework, instead of a precise decision of investment up front as required in a conventional modality. This will allow any project implementation to be carried out based on the state of readiness of each project, and as long as it is under MFF, funds will be made available in tranches and disbursable upon the completion of the requirements and the readiness of the proposed project. MFF also allows ADB and the government develop a long term cooperation to support the vision of Citarum River Basin stakeholders in a sustainable way. This allows a long term binding commitment in building the capacity of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) within a realistic time frame. Eventually, MFF will make itself flexible to pooling any funding sources available for both central and regional governments; encouraging private and public investment; allowing the government and other donors to make effective and efficient planning.
COMMUNITY-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT AND PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES
This investment program supports community and Non-Government Organization-driven participatory approaches for many of the outputs. Communities will decide priority areas and the type of technologies to be used on the number of sub-components, with community participation in the development of water and sanitation system, environmental improvements and on-farm water management. Community groups will have their capability improved to serve as a model in planning and implementation activities with supports provided by well-trained facilitators from qualified NGOs, in addition to continuously being in charge with the O & P implementation of the constructed facilities. NGOs took part in dialogues held to prepare the road map and sub-component details, such as in an initial demonstration pilot project in Citarum River Basin. Individually or together with an informal working network to compliment, synergize or be an element in the road map, NGOs have played an active role in a number of activities. Increasing the intensity of cooperation with NGOs and encouraging communities to cooperate with NGOs are to be included into Project 1 with an expectation for more active communities and NGOs in the process of policy making, planning, implementation, management, monitoring and evaluation.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY/CSR
Many large and medium-sized companies in Indonesia practice corporate social responsibility. Paying attention to the importance of CSR is becoming a global trend, and if properly applied this could be one of the solutions to a dilemma between helping the poor and profit making. Both actions of helping the poor and profit making can be run together by empowering the poor and protecting environment in a sustainable way. The Investment Program has significant potential to initiate and sustain cooperation with some big textile companies and other firms that rely on basin water and show interest in providing support to community initiatives to improve Citarum river water quality and community water and sanitation supply.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT COMPENSATION
A special feature in the Investment Program will be the development of compensation mechanisms for communities that actively contribute to protecting land and water in Citarum River Basin, or paying for environmental services. An ADB-assisted pilot demonstration activity of paying for environmental services commenced in Citarum River Basin with the objectives of (i) introducing and increasing understanding of this mechanism in accordance with the Water Law, (ii) strengthening the commitment of the users of land and water to support compensating farmers who contribute by taking care the river basin, and (iii) preparing government institutions for facilitating the implementation and promotion of Payment for Environmental Services.
RIVER BASIN PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING
The National Steering Committee Water Resources (NSCWR) in close coordination with the Network of Asian River Basin Organization (NARBO) will develop river basin performance benchmarking systems of integrated water resources management for use by the river basin organizations and the Citarum River Basin Water Council.
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
Citarum River Basin will be the first river basin in Indonesia with a comprehensive strategy for adapting with climate change.