The beneficiaries of this investment program are communities within Citarum River Basin, residents of Jabodetabek, water consumers in agricultural and industrial sectors who receive water via West Tarum Canal. This investment program has been specially designed to meet the need of various stakeholders in Citarum River Basin and support communities in planning and doing their efforts in a land and water management.

Implementing Organizations

Implementing organizations for ICWRMIP Phase 1 are :

    Directorate General of Water Resources at the Ministry of Public Works

    Consisting of 6 ministries, namely Ministry of National Development Planning/BAPPENAS, Ministry of Public Works, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Health,  and Ministry of Environment.

    Directorate of Water and Irrigation at the Ministry of National Development Planning/BAPPENAS is the Roadmap coordinator with a task to coordinate and monitor the implementation of Citarum Roadmap.

    Balai Besar Wilayah Sunga Citarum (BBWSC) under the Ministry of Public Works acts as a coordinator with a task to coordinate and monitor the program activities of ICWRMIP Phase 1.

During implementation, ICWRMIP – Phase 1 program activities, which involve various ministries, are carried out in collaboration with government offices in West Java Province and District/Cities within Citarum River Basin as well as other stakeholders, including communities, private sectors and academicians.

ICWRMIP Phase 1 Program Activities

Selected activities in Investment Program components based on the Citarum Roadmap are as follows:

  1. Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal
    Design and implementation of all civil works, hydro-mechanical equipments and pollution prevention measures to improve the water quality of West Tarum Canal (WTC) and to establish a reliable and sustainable conveyance and supply system that can meet the water quality standard and the water demand of irrigation, domestic,  municipal and industrial purposes up to 2025.

  2. Improved Land and Water Management (SRI)
    The objective is to accelerate the adoption of practices to improve land and water management on irrigated rice fields in Citarum River Basin area in order to reduce water consumption and improve farmers’ income. About 3,000 ha area of rice fields are targeted and a total 3.000 farmers are to enjoy the benefit.

  3. Community Water and Sanitation
    Community water and sanitation project is aimed at improving public health and reducing waterborne diseases in rural riparian communities, in upper catchment and along the West Tarum Canal by involving local NGOs.

  4. Water Quality Improvement Action Plan
    The action plan is to develop policies related to: (1) demand management for urban and industrial water use; (ii) water pricing for agricultural irrigation; (iii) water entitlements and licensing system; and (iv) policies on allocation of limited water resources and operational procedure for water infrastructure control.

  5. Protection of the Environment and Biodiversity in the Upper Watershed
    This sub-project is aimed to (1) reduce the threats against biodiversity sources within upper watershed protected areas and surrounding; (ii) develop community based conservation management in strategic locations within production area, and (iii) initiate community based environmental and biodiversity improvement.

  6. Spatial Planning
    The main goal is to encourage a consistent use of land use and socio-economic database for different spatial planning purposes and as a tool to analyze; (i) impacts of water zoning plan on spatial planning development and other sectors; and (ii) impacts of the total rising water demand for water supply infrastructure and a need for a strategic management.

  7. Upper Citarum Basin Flood Management
    The general objective of this component is to provide a comprehension about an upper Citarum basin flood mechanism and propose structural and non-structural design to minimize flood incidents in the area through a modern modeling.

  8. Design for Upgrading Bandung Water Supply
    Groundwater is the main water source in Bandung. An over-exploitation of groundwater has led to a drastic reduction of groundwater supply in Bandung. This component includes a detailed engineering design to improve the city water sources.

  9. Climate Change Adaptation Strategy
    This strategy covers (i) formulation of climate change adaptation and mitigation policies to be adopted in river basin area; (ii) mainstreaming climate change concern into a local regional development planning, and (iii) preparation of adaptation and mitigation action plans.

ICWRMIP Important Features

Some Important Features in the implementation of ICWRMIP program activities are:


The Investment Program is funded through an MFF. The rationale of this derives from the broad agenda of the road map, which involves the fund provision over 15 years of water-related infrastructure and services across a number of key areas in Integrated Water Resources Management in Citarum River Basin. The MFF will enable the flexibility in investment decisions and timing based on the needs and constraints from upstream to downstream within a framework, instead of a precise decision of investment up front as required in a conventional modality. This will allow any project implementation to be carried out based on the state of readiness of each project, and as long as it is under MFF, funds will be made available in tranches and disbursable upon the completion of the requirements and the readiness of the proposed project. MFF also allows ADB and the government develop a long term cooperation to support the vision of Citarum River Basin stakeholders in a sustainable way.  This allows a long term binding commitment in building the capacity of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) within a realistic time frame. Eventually, MFF will make itself flexible to pooling any funding sources available for both central and regional governments; encouraging private and public investment; allowing the government and other donors to make effective and efficient planning.


This investment program supports community and Non-Government Organization-driven participatory approaches for many of the outputs. Communities will decide priority areas and the type of technologies to be used on the number of sub-components, with community participation in the development of water and sanitation system, environmental improvements and on-farm water management. Community groups will have their capability improved to serve as a model in planning and implementation activities with supports provided by well-trained facilitators from qualified NGOs, in addition to continuously being in charge with the O & P implementation of the constructed facilities. NGOs took part in dialogues held to prepare the road map and sub-component details, such as in an initial demonstration pilot project in Citarum River Basin. Individually or together with an informal working network to compliment, synergize or be an element in the road map, NGOs have played an active role in a number of activities. Increasing the intensity of cooperation with NGOs and encouraging communities to cooperate with NGOs are to be included into Project 1 with an expectation for more active communities and NGOs in the process of policy making, planning, implementation, management, monitoring and evaluation.   


Many large and medium-sized companies in Indonesia practice corporate social responsibility. Paying attention to the importance of CSR is becoming a global trend, and if properly applied this could be one of the solutions to a dilemma between helping the poor and profit making. Both actions of helping the poor and profit making can be run together by empowering the poor and protecting environment in a sustainable way. The Investment Program has significant potential to initiate and sustain cooperation with some big textile companies and other firms that rely on basin water and show interest in providing support to community initiatives to improve Citarum river water quality and community water and sanitation supply.


A special feature in the Investment Program will be the development of compensation mechanisms for communities that actively contribute to protecting land and water in Citarum River Basin, or paying for environmental services. An ADB-assisted pilot demonstration activity of paying for environmental services commenced in Citarum River Basin with the objectives of (i) introducing and increasing understanding of this mechanism in accordance with the Water Law, (ii) strengthening the commitment of the users of land and water to support compensating farmers who contribute by taking care the river basin, and (iii) preparing government institutions for facilitating the implementation and promotion of Payment for Environmental Services.  


The National Steering Committee Water Resources (NSCWR) in close coordination with the Network of Asian River Basin Organization (NARBO) will develop river basin performance benchmarking systems of integrated water resources management for use by the river basin organizations and the Citarum River Basin Water Council.


Citarum River Basin will be the first river basin in Indonesia with a comprehensive strategy for adapting with climate change.

Expected Output

The desired impact of this investment program is that by the year 2023, poverty, health and living standards in the Citarum River Basin will be significantly improved.  This condition is achievable by decreasing the poverty level in the area in a measurable way and maintaining the area’s GDP growth at least at its 2008 level without further degrading the area’s environmental condition and with a significant improvement of its river water quality.

The proposed investment program is very comprehensive and is expected to result in a range of outcomes for the people of the basin. These will include:
(i)    Improved condition of the water catchments in the upper basin;
(ii)    Adequate quantity and good quality in streams and reservoirs;
(iii)    More reliable water supply and improved sanitation to urban centers (Including Jakarta conurbation that receives 80% of its raw water need from the Citarum River Basin via West Tarum Canal) and rural communities;
(iv)    Reduced damage and loss from flooding and other water-related disasters;
(v)    Improved agricultural outputs from more effective delivery of water for irrigation and more efficient irrigation practices; and
(vi)    More equitable and more economically efficient allocation and sharing of limited water resources.