ICWRMIP Phase 1 Program Activities
Selected activities in Investment Program components based on the Citarum Roadmap are as follows:
- Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal
Design and implementation of all civil works, hydro-mechanical equipments and pollution prevention measures to improve the water quality of West Tarum Canal (WTC) and to establish a reliable and sustainable conveyance and supply system that can meet the water quality standard and the water demand of irrigation, domestic, municipal and industrial purposes up to 2025.
- Improved Land and Water Management (SRI)
The objective is to accelerate the adoption of practices to improve land and water management on irrigated rice fields in Citarum River Basin area in order to reduce water consumption and improve farmers’ income. About 3,000 ha area of rice fields are targeted and a total 3.000 farmers are to enjoy the benefit.
- Community Water and Sanitation
Community water and sanitation project is aimed at improving public health and reducing waterborne diseases in rural riparian communities, in upper catchment and along the West Tarum Canal by involving local NGOs.
- Water Quality Improvement Action Plan
The action plan is to develop policies related to: (1) demand management for urban and industrial water use; (ii) water pricing for agricultural irrigation; (iii) water entitlements and licensing system; and (iv) policies on allocation of limited water resources and operational procedure for water infrastructure control.
- Protection of the Environment and Biodiversity in the Upper Watershed
This sub-project is aimed to (1) reduce the threats against biodiversity sources within upper watershed protected areas and surrounding; (ii) develop community based conservation management in strategic locations within production area, and (iii) initiate community based environmental and biodiversity improvement.
- Spatial Planning
The main goal is to encourage a consistent use of land use and socio-economic database for different spatial planning purposes and as a tool to analyze; (i) impacts of water zoning plan on spatial planning development and other sectors; and (ii) impacts of the total rising water demand for water supply infrastructure and a need for a strategic management.
- Upper Citarum Basin Flood Management
The general objective of this component is to provide a comprehension about an upper Citarum basin flood mechanism and propose structural and non-structural design to minimize flood incidents in the area through a modern modeling.
- Design for Upgrading Bandung Water Supply
Groundwater is the main water source in Bandung. An over-exploitation of groundwater has led to a drastic reduction of groundwater supply in Bandung. This component includes a detailed engineering design to improve the city water sources.
- Climate Change Adaptation Strategy
This strategy covers (i) formulation of climate change adaptation and mitigation policies to be adopted in river basin area; (ii) mainstreaming climate change concern into a local regional development planning, and (iii) preparation of adaptation and mitigation action plans.